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  • Scripting for newbs


    Nuclear Nezz
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    I made a video tutorial of writing  a script. I tried to keep it pretty basic and explain everything that I was doing. If I went through something too fast or didn't explain something in enough detail feel free to let me know and I'll expand on it.

     

     

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    source:

     

     

    package nezz.dreambot.cowhider;
    
    import java.awt.Graphics;
    
    import org.dreambot.api.methods.Calculations;
    import org.dreambot.api.methods.container.impl.bank.BankLocation;
    import org.dreambot.api.methods.filter.Filter;
    import org.dreambot.api.methods.map.Area;
    import org.dreambot.api.methods.map.Tile;
    import org.dreambot.api.methods.walking.path.impl.LocalPath;
    import org.dreambot.api.script.AbstractScript;
    import org.dreambot.api.script.Category;
    import org.dreambot.api.script.ScriptManifest;
    import org.dreambot.api.utilities.impl.Condition;
    import org.dreambot.api.wrappers.interactive.GameObject;
    import org.dreambot.api.wrappers.items.GroundItem;
    
    //so you want to start by creating your script skeleton
    @ScriptManifest(author = "Nezz", category = Category.MISC, description = "Gathers cow hides", name = "Dreambot Cowhider", version = 0)
    public class CowHider extends AbstractScript{
    
    	//okay so now we establish a few variables that we know we're going to need
    	//since I know there will be two areas, I declare them
    	//okay now we want to work on setting these areas.
    	//to do that we'll use dreambot's debugging tools.
    	//we need to know the tiles of the area so we'll use our player position.
    	//so to create an area you do NW corner x/y, then SE corner x/y
    	//the Z isn't required, if you don't give it a z it defaults to 0
    	private final Area BANK_AREA = new Area(3207,3220,3210,3216,2);
    	private final Area COW_AREA = new Area(3253,3270,3265,3255);//now to get our cow area.
    	//i'm going to do a smaller area simply for convenience.
    	private final Tile IN_FRONT_OF_GATE = new Tile(3251,3266,0);//found the tile in front of gates
    	private final Tile LUMBY_STAIRS = new Tile(3206,3228,0);
    	private final Tile TOP_STAIRS = new Tile(3206,3228,2);//so the stairs are a bit far away so we'll set a tile
    	private final Tile INSIDE_GATE = new Tile(3254,3267,0);
    	
    	
    	private State state;
    	
    	//okay now that we have some of that settled, we can move on to setting up our states
    	//so the states essentially dictate what piece of the script we're currently in
    	private enum State{
    		BANK, WALK_TO_BANK, WALK_TO_COWS, PICK_UP;
    	}
    
    	//now we write our state getter, this essentially checks to see which state of the script you're
    	//currently in
    	private State getState(){
    		//if your inventory is full, you should either be walking to the bank or banking
    		if(getInventory().isFull()){
    			if(BANK_AREA.contains(getLocalPlayer())){
    				return State.BANK;
    			}
    			else{
    				return State.WALK_TO_BANK;
    			}
    		}
    		else{
    			//if it isn't full, you'll want to either be picking up hides or walking to the cows
    			if(COW_AREA.contains(getLocalPlayer())){
    				return State.PICK_UP;
    			}
    			else{
    				return State.WALK_TO_COWS;
    			}
    		}
    	}
    	//okay now we have our state getter and whatnot, so we're ready to start setting up our loop
    	
    	
    	public void onStart(){
    		
    	}
    	
    	@Override
    	public int onLoop() {
    		//so if we're moving, check how far away your destination is
    		//if your destination is more than 5 tiles away just sleep a bit.
    		if(getLocalPlayer().isMoving()){
    			Tile dest = getClient().getDestination();
    			if(dest != null && getLocalPlayer().getTile().distance(dest) > 5){
    				return Calculations.random(200,400);
    			}
    		}
    		//we should add a run energy check too! see all the fun things we think of
    		if(!getWalking().isRunEnabled() && getWalking().getRunEnergy() > 70){
    			getWalking().toggleRun();
    		}
    		//so you want to start by setting your current state
    		state = getState();
    		//switch/case is similar to if/else if/else if/else except it's faster and generally looks
    		//neater.
    		switch(state){
    		//okay time to run it!?
    		case BANK:
    			//so this is our bank state, we know the gist of banking so we can do this no problem
    			if(getBank().isOpen()){
    				//if the bank is open, just deposit everything.
    				getBank().depositAllItems();
    				//woo another sleepUntil time
    				sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    					public boolean verify(){
    						return getInventory().isEmpty();
    					}
    				},Calculations.random(900,1200));
    				//this sleepUntil will sleep until your inventory is empty.
    			}
    			else{
    				//if it isn't open, open it!
    				getBank().open();
    				//now we get into our first sleepUntil, this takes a Condition and a timeout as arguments
    				//a Condition is an object that has a verify method, when it returns true the sleepUntil cuts out
    				//or it'll wait until you reach the timeout
    				sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    					public boolean verify(){
    						return getBank().isOpen();
    					}
    				},Calculations.random(900,1200));
    				//so in that condition we set it to go until the bank is open, or 900-1200 milliseconds has passed
    			}
    			//the reak statement is required after each case otherwise it'll spill over into the next
    			//this says to break out of your switch/case and to not continue on to the others.
    			break;
    		case PICK_UP:
    			//this is where you'll be picking stuff up.
    			//first you'll want to see if there's even a ground item available
    			//good thing I checked :')
    			final GroundItem hide = getGroundItems().closest(new Filter<GroundItem>(){
    				public boolean match(GroundItem gi){
    					if(gi == null || gi.getName() == null)
    						return false;
    					if(!gi.getName().equals("Cowhide"))
    						return false;
    					if(COW_AREA.contains(gi))
    						return true;
    					return false;
    				}
    			});//I don't know if this is what it is
    			//so I"ll have to check that when I actually sign in for data collection
    			//"But what if it isn't in the area?" you may ask.
    			//that's a good point. So we may want to throw a filter onto the ground items.
    			if(hide != null){
    				//if it isn' tnull, then it exists and we should pick it up.
    				//so coming back to this, we should probably only sleep if the interaction
    				//was successful. So we change this to an if statement
    				if(hide.interact("Take")){ //ezpz
    					//so if the interaction was successful, sleep.
    					//now we need some more sleepUntil stuff
    					sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    						public boolean verify(){
    							return !hide.exists();//so we had to change hide to final because
    							//we're using it in an inner class, and you can only access variables
    							//from outside the inner class if it's final.
    							//final essentially just means that once it's set, you can't change it.
    						}
    					},Calculations.random(1800,2400));
    				}
    			}
    			break;
    		case WALK_TO_BANK:
    			//okay now we also have all the data we need to get to the bank.
    			//here's where we walk to the bank from the cow pen.
    			//I know it'll essentially be separated into 3 parts
    			if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 2){
    				//walk to the center of lumbridge
    				//BankLocation is an enum inside of dreambot that contains
    				//several banks around runescape.
    				getWalking().walk(BankLocation.LUMBRIDGE.getCenter());
    				//walk into bank area
    			}
    			else if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 1){
    				GameObject stairs = getGameObjects().closest("Staircase");
    				if(stairs != null){
    					//make sure the stairs aren't null (generally null check everything)
    					stairs.interact("Climb-up");//put the interaction in as specified in rs
    					//more sleepUntils!
    					sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    						public boolean verify(){
    							return getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 2;
    						}
    					},Calculations.random(2400,2800));
    					//so now we want to sleep utnil we're on floor 2
    				}
    				//walk up the stairs
    			}
    			else{
    				if(COW_AREA.contains(getLocalPlayer())){
    					final GameObject gate = getGameObjects().closest(new Filter<GameObject>(){
    						public boolean match(GameObject go){
    							//so we want to check against the obvious things first
    							if(go == null || go.getName() == null)
    								return false;
    							//I mean if it's null we don't want it. and if it's name is null we
    							//sitll don't want it.
    							if(!go.getName().equals("Gate"))
    								return false;
    							//if the name isn't Gate, we don't want it.
    							if(!go.getTile().equals(new Tile(3253,3266,0)))
    								return false;
    							//so if the tile isn't that of the closed gate (notice closed gate
    							//has a different tile than open) then we don't want it.
    							//finally return true;
    							return true;
    						}
    					});
    					if(gate != null){
    						//if it isn't null, then the closed gate is in the way and we should open it.
    						if(gate.interact("Open")){
    							//more sleepUntils :)
    							sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    								public boolean verify(){
    									return !gate.exists();
    								}
    							},Calculations.random(1800,2400));
    						}
    					}
    					else{
    						getWalking().walk(IN_FRONT_OF_GATE);
    					}
    					//check if gate is closed
    					//if it is, open it!
    				}
    				else if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().distance(LUMBY_STAIRS) > 5){
    					//otherwise walk to the lumby stairs. :)
    					getWalking().walk(LUMBY_STAIRS);
    				}
    				else{
    					GameObject stairs = getGameObjects().closest("Staircase");
    					if(stairs != null){
    						//make sure the stairs aren't null (generally null check everything)
    						stairs.interact("Climb-up");//put the interaction in as specified in rs
    						//more sleepUntils!
    						sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    							public boolean verify(){
    								return getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 1;
    							}
    						},Calculations.random(2400,2800));
    						//so now we want to sleep utnil we're on floor 1
    					}
    				}
    				//okay here if we're still in the cow area we'll have to check for
    				//the gate
    				//i'll wait til I'm in game for that I guess
    				
    				//if gate is open/you're past gate walk to lumby stairs
    			}
    			break;
    		case WALK_TO_COWS:
    			//this is the same thing as walk to bank but backwards, basically.
    			//so we can just copy some of this code...
    			if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 2){
    				if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().distance(TOP_STAIRS) > 5){
    					getWalking().walk(TOP_STAIRS);
    				}
    				else{
    					//now we get our stair object
    					GameObject stairs = getGameObjects().closest("Staircase");
    					if(stairs != null){
    						//make sure the stairs aren't null (generally null check everything)
    						stairs.interact("Climb-down");//put the interaction in as specified in rs
    						//more sleepUntils!
    						sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    							public boolean verify(){
    								return getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 1;
    							}
    						},Calculations.random(2400,2800));
    						//so now we want to sleep utnil we're on floor 1
    					}
    				}
    				//go down the top flight of stairs
    			}
    			else if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 1){
    				//okay we're on floor one, we can just copy some of the code up here..
    				//go down stairs
    				GameObject stairs = getGameObjects().closest("Staircase");
    				if(stairs != null){
    					//make sure the stairs aren't null (generally null check everything)
    					stairs.interact("Climb-down");//put the interaction in as specified in rs
    					//more sleepUntils!
    					sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    						public boolean verify(){
    							return getLocalPlayer().getTile().getZ() == 0;
    						}
    					},Calculations.random(2400,2800));
    					//so now we want to sleep utnil we're on floor 0
    				}
    			}
    			else{
    				//now time to walk over and get some more data wee
    				if(getLocalPlayer().getTile().distance(IN_FRONT_OF_GATE) > 6){
    					//if you're not near the gate, just call walk.
    					//walk is a web walker that is implemented into dreambot.
    					//it has some issues with obstacles at the moment, so we have to do that ourselves.
    					getWalking().walk(IN_FRONT_OF_GATE);
    				}
    				else{
    					//so now we get to use a Filter
    					//this is fun
    					//so a filter is exactly what it sounds like
    					//it filters through the gameobjects until it finds one that passes true in your
    					//match method
    					final GameObject gate = getGameObjects().closest(new Filter<GameObject>(){
    						public boolean match(GameObject go){
    							//so we want to check against the obvious things first
    							if(go == null || go.getName() == null)
    								return false;
    							//I mean if it's null we don't want it. and if it's name is null we
    							//sitll don't want it.
    							if(!go.getName().equals("Gate"))
    								return false;
    							//if the name isn't Gate, we don't want it.
    							if(!go.getTile().equals(new Tile(3253,3266,0)))
    								return false;
    							//so if the tile isn't that of the closed gate (notice closed gate
    							//has a different tile than open) then we don't want it.
    							//finally return true;
    							return true;
    						}
    					});
    					if(gate != null){
    						//if it isn't null, then the closed gate is in the way and we should open it.
    						if(gate.interact("Open")){
    							//more sleepUntils :)
    							sleepUntil(new Condition(){
    								public boolean verify(){
    									return !gate.exists();
    								}
    							},Calculations.random(1800,2400));
    						}
    					}
    					else{
    						getWalking().walk(INSIDE_GATE);
    					}
    					//check for the gate
    					//if the gate is there and open, open it.
    				}
    				//we'll need more gate checks here, too.
    				//so if you're not even near the gate, we probably shouldn't have to worry about it
    				//so we can probably get a tile at the gate to check for distances
    			}
    			break;
    		}
    		
    		return Calculations.random(200,400);
    	}
    	
    	public void onPaint(Graphics g){
    		
    	}
    
    }
     

     

     

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    • 4 weeks later...

    Thanks very helpful, but it's VERY fast...

     

     

    Also, when I add a package to my script like: package BZmake

     

    It says it doesn't recognise my package, is it too small? jk

     

    No but srs, how do I fix this?

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    Thanks very helpful, but it's VERY fast...

     

     

    Also, when I add a package to my script like: package BZmake

     

    It says it doesn't recognise my package, is it too small? jk

     

    No but srs, how do I fix this?

    could you give me a screen shot?

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